Panax ginseng is one of the several types of ginseng commonly used in herbal medicine. The ginseng plant is native to the mountainous regions of East Asia, and it is the root that is harvested for use in food and medicine.
Each variety of ginseng is believed to have its own special healing properties in traditional Chinese medicine. Some varieties of Panax ginseng, for instance, are thought to have “warming” properties that promote blood flow.
A closer look at what Panax ginseng is and the potential benefits it may offer in terms of health is provided in this article. How to take Panax ginseng, potential negative effects, and what to look for when purchasing are also covered.
Ginseng: What Is It?
A supplement in herbal medicine, ginseng is a root with a long history of use. It may help with managing certain health conditions, boosting energy levels, and improving the immune system.
How Is Panax Ginseng Employed?
Ginsenosides, the active compounds in Panax ginseng, are thought to have a steroid-like effect, lowering inflammation throughout the body.
Panax ginseng has been used for thousands of years to improve vitality and endurance, as well as the body’s resistance to illness.
Even though there isn’t a tonne of current research on Panax ginseng, the herb still may have potential health benefits.
Several important findings from the studies are as follows:
The use of Panax ginseng in diabetes treatment is promising. In 2014, researchers conducted a systematic review of 16 studies investigating the effects of ginseng on blood glucose levels in both diabetics and non-diabetics. 2
Most studies involved participants who had their blood sugar under control for less than 12 weeks. Even though ginseng significantly improved fasting blood sugar levels for both people with and without diabetes, the authors concluded that more study was required.
A review of studies on the health benefits of Panax ginseng published in 2015 found that the herb enhanced cognitive performance, particularly short-term memory.
Moreover, a 2018 study found that the cognitive performance of older adults who took ginseng supplements for five years or longer improved.
The antioxidant properties of ginseng are thought to be responsible for its many health benefits, including its effect on cognition.
Issues with Getting or Keeping an Erected
Panax ginseng may be an effective and safe treatment for erectile dysfunction, according to a review of six research trials conducted over a 15-year period.
Panax ginseng was the only dietary supplement found in another review of alternative medicines for sexual function to improve erectile function without posing any safety concerns.
Ginseng appears to be useful for erectile dysfunction only if taken continuously, in contrast to prescription drugs for erectile dysfunction which are typically taken as needed.
A Variety of Other Constraints
Panax ginseng may not be beneficial for all conditions, despite claims to the contrary. When it comes to relieving hot flashes7 or increasing athletic endurance, for example, research has shown that Panax ginseng is ineffective. 8
More research is needed to prove that ginseng is helpful for many other conditions, according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), but there have been many studies on its benefits.
Syndrome of persistent fatigue
Flu and cold
Issues with digestion
Ginseng has been shown to have positive effects on mental performance, to aid in glucose regulation in diabetics, and to be a risk-free treatment for erectile dysfunction. However, more research is necessary to confirm ginseng’s efficacy in treating these and other conditions.
Potential Adverse Effects
The fact that ginseng is so widely consumed (it can even be found in drinks) may lead you to believe that it is risk-free. But it can cause side effects just like any other medication or herbal supplement.
The following are some of the most frequently reported adverse effects:9
Irritable bowel syndrome
Panax ginseng, commonly used to treat insomnia, may have blood pressure-lowering effects; those with hypertension should consult a physician before taking ginseng.
Medications used to treat diabetes may have an adverse reaction if combined with Panax ginseng, which may cause a lowering of blood sugar. Please consult your physician before using this product if you have diabetes.
Panax ginseng is unsafe for children and women who are pregnant or nursing.
Ten Interactions Between Medications and Other Supplements
Panax ginseng may increase the potency of blood-thinning drugs and the likelihood of bleeding side effects. Please consult your physician before using ginseng if you are currently taking any anticoagulant or antiplatelet medication, including warfarin, clopidogrel, ticlopidine, heparin, and aspirin.
If you take ginseng with a certain herbal supplement that is known to cause bleeding, you may be at a higher risk of bleeding.
Interactions between Panax ginseng and antipsychotics like chlorpromazine have been reported, and this may be because of its effect on levels of chemicals that carry messages from nerve cells to other cells.
It has been discovered that Panax ginseng can block the effects of drugs that require the CYP3A4.14 enzyme to be metabolised. I would recommend having your doctor double-check any medications you are currently taking.
Some people find that ginseng causes them to have headaches, stomachaches, and trouble sleeping. Make sure to check with your medical professional to see if ginseng is safe for you to take alongside any other herbal supplements or medications you may be taking, such as blood-thinners or antipsychotics.
Verywell / Anastasia Tretiak’s Panax Ginseng Capsules: Recommended Dosage and Duration
The Panax ginseng dosage debate is ongoing. In experiments, both low and high doses have been examined.
A 2018 meta-analysis of 91 clinical trials investigating the effects of Panax ginseng, for instance, found that effective ginseng dosages varied greatly due to the trials’ various design and participant characteristics.
15 Clinical trials used daily doses of Panax ginseng ranging from 0.2 to 9 grammes for four to twenty-four weeks.
Panax ginseng has been shown to increase energy and aid in the management of certain health conditions, but before you start taking it, it’s best to talk to your doctor.
Tips on What to Search for
According to TCM, the effectiveness of ginseng may depend on how it was prepared.
For instance, red ginseng is ginseng that has not been peeled but has instead been steamed before drying. However, white ginseng is simply dried and unpeeled Panax ginseng (but not steam-treated). Black ginseng, a more modern variety, is created through repeated steaming and drying.
The “yang” energy associated with red ginseng is more strongly associated with stimulation and heat than the “yin” energy associated with white ginseng. Those who are sensitive to heat, or who have conditions like tumours, kidney stones, gallstones, inflammation, or certain psychological conditions, may find the stimulating effects of red ginseng to be too much.
It’s possible to buy white and red ginseng in a variety of forms, including tinctures, liquid extracts, powders, and capsules.
In comparison to Other Types of Ginseng, Panax Ginseng Shines
American ginseng has “cooling” properties, according to traditional Chinese medicine. This ginseng variety has been promoted as a possible diabetes treatment for its antioxidant properties. Stronger immune function, increased stamina, and a more positive outlook are just some of the benefits of American ginseng.
It has been shown that the use of Siberian ginseng can increase muscular and cardiovascular endurance as well as one’s resistance to illness. It is occasionally used to reduce the discomfort associated with chemotherapy. The risk of developing diseases like atherosclerosis, Alzheimer’s, rheumatoid arthritis, and ADD/ADHD may all be mitigated by taking Siberian ginseng (ADHD)
The ginseng root is widely available in dietary supplements and beverages due to its widespread use in traditional medicine. Diabetes, erectile dysfunction, and possibly even cognitive decline may all benefit from its antioxidant and steroid-like properties.
More study is needed to determine the full extent to which ginseng can help with these and other conditions. There is also little consensus about the optimal ginseng dose.
There is a possibility of side effects when taking ginseng, and it may interact negatively with some medications, so it’s best to check with your doctor first.
Doses of 200–400 mg of Panax ginseng are typically used for general ‘preventative’ medicine, though studies on the inclusion of Panax ginseng in a multivitamin have suggested doses as low as 40 mg might be bioactive. The greatest cognitive benefit appears to be achieved at the 400 mg dose.
Standard ‘Ginseng Extract’ is dosed at once per day and contains about 2-3% total Ginsenosides.
Trials using Korean Red Ginseng extract for erectile health and libido enhancement tend to use 3g of total KRG extract daily, in three doses of 1000mg.
The Araliaceae plant family includes Panax ginseng, also known simply as “ginseng,” “Korean ginseng,” and “Chinese ginseng” in English.
A herb between 30 and 60 centimetres in height, it is endemic to the forested mountains of Russia and China. It’s root, which can resemble a miniature human body, can range in price from cheap to very expensive because the active constituents don’t develop until the plant is 5 or 6 years old.
Panax ginseng root, one of the most well-known medicines in eastern Asia, is a prophylactic that increases the body’s resistance to environmental influences and decreases its predisposition or susceptibility to illness. It is an adaptogen, meaning it helps the body’s immune system.
Its main constituents are ginsenosides (triterpene saponins) of which ginsenosides Rg1, Rc, Rd, Rb1, Rb2 and Rb0 are quantitatively the most important.