Ginkgo Biloba

Ginkgo Biloba

Ginkgo biloba is a popular supplement and one of the top-selling herbal medicines. Dried green ginkgo biloba leaves are the source of the extract that can be taken in the form of capsules, tablets, or liquid. There is a wide range of applications for it.

The healing qualities Beneficial effects of the ginkgo plant on blood disorders, memory loss, cardiovascular health, and eye health have all been attested to by reputable sources.

The antioxidant flavonoids and terpenoids found in high concentrations in gingko protect cells from oxidative damage caused by free radicals. Antioxidants are thought to help lower cancer risk in this way.

One of the world’s oldest tree species, ginkgo is also known as the maidenhair tree. Some of these trees have been known to live for over a thousand years and reach heights of over 130 feet. In China, there are rumoured to be trees that are over 2,500 years old.

The tree is called a “living fossil” because it has persisted through multiple mass extinctions.

Supplements made from the extract are available, and the dried leaves of the plant can be used to brew a delicious beverage.

A Quick Overview of Ginkgo Biloba

Gingko biloba is a popular dietary supplement made from a tree’s bark extract.
The potential cognitive benefits are intriguing.
Common historical applications include reducing inflammation caused by bladder infections and boosting libido.
Some types of antidepressants may interact negatively with this supplement.


The health benefits of ginkgo biloba may extend to enhancements in mental acuity. There is a wide variety of traditional applications, not all of which have been verified by scientific inquiry.

Improving memory, preventing Alzheimer’s disease, and other forms of dementia
More research is needed, but there is some evidence that ginkgo can help people with dementia.

Possible advantages include:

  • Enhanced cognitive abilities and memory
  • A more harmonious social life
  • Enhanced Capacity for Routine Activities
  • Clinically Effective Trusted Source treatment of Alzheimer’s disease was found in a study using a ginkgo biloba extract called EGb 761.

In a similar vein, another study published in JAMA found that Trusted Source EGb 761 was safe to use and may be effective in stabilising and possibly improving cognitive and social functioning in patients with dementia for 6-12 months.

Since ginkgo improves brain blood flow and protects neurons from damage, it is thought to boost cognitive performance.

While some studies have shown ginkgo to enhance memory in healthy people, other studies have shown no such benefits.


The anxiety-inducing effects of ginkgo may be reduced.

One study found that ginkgo helped people with generalised anxiety disorder more than a placebo did.

In contrast, ginkgo should be avoided by those who take Xanax for anxiety, as it has been shown to lessen the drug’s effectiveness.


Glaucoma patients who took 120 milligrammes of gingko twice daily for 8 weeks saw significant improvements in their vision, according to a single small study. Gingko may also help people with macular degeneration keep their eyesight for longer, according to some research.

Form and dosage

Some common forms of ginkgo include capsules, tablets, liquid extracts, and dried leaf for use in teas.

It has been used in studies with adults at dosages ranging from 120 milligrammes up to 240 milligrammes per day. It appears that four to six weeks are required before any progress can be seen.

Gingko biloba should not be taken by:

Babies and Moms-to-be Who are Breastfeeding
People who suffer from seizures
Individuals on anticoagulant therapy
Gingko shouldn’t be used by diabetic patients unless approved by their doctor.

Unwanted Repercussions

Ginkgo biloba may cause the following unwanted effects:

  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Dizziness
  • Headaches
  • discomfort in the abdomen
  • Restlessness
  • Vomiting

Use of ginkgo and similar supplements should be preceded by discussion with a medical professional.


When taking any kind of medication, it’s important to take precautions to avoid negative drug interactions and other side effects. The risk of internal bleeding can be increased even by taking ibuprofen with Gingko.

Ginkgo may have unintended consequences for patients with blood circulation disorders or those taking anticoagulants like aspirin.

Ginkgo should be avoided by people taking SSRI antidepressants because it inhibits monoamine oxidase.

The risk of serotonin syndrome, which can be fatal, may also be increased if the two are used together. Sertraline (Zoloft) and fluoxetine (Prozac) are two popular SSRIs.

Gingko can also amplify the positive and negative effects of antidepressants called monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs).

The long-chain alkylphenols found in ginkgo leaves can cause severe allergic reactions in some people. Ginkgo should be avoided by anyone who has an allergy to alkylphenols, which are found in plants like poison ivy.

Eating raw or roasted ginkgo seeds can be toxic and cause serious side effects, according to the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health.

Based on research conducted by the Missouri Botanical Garden, ginkgo biloba is “the only member of a group of ancient plants believed to have inhabited the earth up to 150 million years ago.”

Trees were first cultivated for food and traditional medicine shortly after humans were introduced to them.

The medicinal benefits of ginkgo biloba were first recognised in ancient China. Ginkgo was used in China for its supposed mental benefits and to reduce asthma symptoms. Ginkgo nuts, thought to have “strengthening” properties, were also consumed.

Aside from these medicinal applications, traditional uses of ginkgo biloba have included the following, per the Institute for Natural Products Research:

  • Controlling nighttime urine loss
  • Raising the level of sexual excitement
  • Efficacious in reducing bladder irritation
  • Eliminating intestinal worms
  • Curing a case of gonorrhoea