California poppies are lovely flowers that grow wild throughout North America.
This plant may have medicinal benefits in addition to beautifying landscapes across the United States. It is frequently promoted for its anti-anxiety and sleep-inducing properties, but you may wonder whether these claims are supported by evidence.
This article will teach you everything you need to know about California poppy supplements and potential health benefits.
Alkaloids are among the plant compounds found in the California poppy. These substances act on GABA receptors, which are found throughout the central nervous system.
GABA receptors are activated by the neurotransmitter GABA, which inhibits neuron firing. It is one of the primary neurotransmitters involved in sleep regulation (5Trusted Source).
Drugs or compounds that increase the amount of GABA in your body have sedative effects, whereas those that inhibit GABA receptors have stimulative effects (6Trusted Source).
Protopine and allocryptopine, two alkaloids found in California poppy, interact with GABA receptors. While research is limited, some evidence suggests that when used as a supplement, this plant’s extract has sedative properties (4Trusted Source).
Nonetheless, due to a lack of research, it is not recommended to use California poppy to treat any health conditions.
When combined with other herbs, it may aid in sleep.
When combined with valerian extract, there is some evidence that California poppy extract may promote sleep.
Compounds in valerian (Valeriana officinalis L.), like alkaloids found in California poppy, increase the response of GABA in your body, resulting in sedative effects (7Trusted Source).
Taking up to 4 tablets nightly of a supplement containing 80 mg of California poppy extract and 32 mg of valerian root extract led to significant improvements in sleep duration and sleep efficiency in a 1-month study of 36 people with insomnia (8Trusted Source).
The participants’ Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) decreased by about 30% at the end of the study (8Trusted Source).
However, there was no control group in this study. Furthermore, the researchers were paid by the supplement company, which could have influenced the results (8Trusted Source).
Aside from this one study, there is little human evidence on the effects of California poppy on sleep. Furthermore, there is no evidence that California poppy alone treats sleep disorders. As a result, its efficacy is unknown.
Sedative and anti-anxiety properties are possible.
According to animal and human studies, California poppy extract may have sedative and anxiety-reducing properties. However, because these studies are all from the 1990s or early 2000s, their conclusions should be interpreted with caution.
An older study, for example, discovered that California poppy extract had anti-anxiety and sleep-inducing effects in mice. Another older rodent study discovered that the extract relieved pain (9Trusted Source, 10Trusted Source).
Furthermore, a 3-month study of 264 people with mild to moderate anxiety found that taking two tablets twice daily containing California poppy extract, hawthorn extract, and magnesium reduced anxiety symptoms more effectively than a placebo (11Trusted Source).
Although these findings appear promising, no human research indicates that California poppy alone is effective for any of these conditions.
More recent human studies are required.
When combined with other ingredients, there is limited evidence that California poppy has sleep-inducing and anti-anxiety effects. However, due to a lack of research, California poppy is not considered safe or effective for treating any health condition.
California poppy side effects California poppy may interact with certain medications and cause adverse effects.
According to one study, California poppy extract and its alkaloids, such as escholtzine and allocryptopine, may interact with certain medications. Blood thinners such as warfarin and blood pressure medications such as metoprolol are examples of these (12Trusted Source, 13Trusted Source).
Furthermore, there is insufficient research on the safety of high doses of California poppy extract.
Given these considerations, it is not recommended that you take this supplement without first consulting your doctor.
Other safer and more evidence-based natural treatments for anxiety and sleep should be considered instead of California poppy. Magnesium, saffron, and vitamin D, for example, may alleviate anxiety, whereas valerian and melatonin may promote sleep (14Trusted Source, 15Trusted Source, 16Trusted Source, 17Trusted Source, 18Trusted Source).
However, before beginning any new supplements, consult with your doctor.
Blood thinners and blood pressure medications may interact with California poppy extract. Little is known about its potential negative effects due to a lack of research.
Is it safe to take California poppy extract?
There have been very few human studies conducted on California poppy extract.
Because the few studies that have been conducted on this supplement have combined it with other ingredients such as valerian root, magnesium, or hawthorn, it is currently unknown whether California poppy has any benefits on its own.
There is currently no evidence that this supplement aids in the treatment of insomnia, anxiety, chronic pain, or any other medical condition or symptom.
What are your thoughts on it?
California poppy is available in tablet form, capsule form, tea form, and tincture form.
A typical adult dose of California poppy extract is 40 mg twice a day, according to the National Capital Poison Center (19).
However, due to a lack of research, it’s best to opt for alternative supplements. Doctors typically advise patients to avoid taking any supplement that has not been proven safe or effective.
If you want to try California poppy, talk to your doctor first.
SUMMARY: There is no evidence that California poppy is effective on its own for treating any medical condition or symptom. If you want to try this supplement, consult your doctor first.
When taken as a supplement, some people claim that the California poppy has anti-anxiety and sleep-inducing properties.
However, aside from a few studies, there is little evidence that this plant provides health benefits when used alone. As a result, taking California poppy supplements to treat any health condition is not advised.
If you still want to take California poppy supplements, consult your doctor first.