Bitter melon (also known as Momordica charantia or bitter gourd) is a plant that gets its name from its taste. As it ripens, it becomes increasingly bitter.
It grows in a number of areas, including Asia, South America, the Caribbean, and East Africa. Bitter melon has long been used to treat a number of medical ailments.
Bitter melon contains many nutrients that can be beneficial to your health. It has been associated to blood sugar reduction, which some studies believe may help with diabetes therapy.
Bitter melon is considered a complementary or alternative medicine. As a result, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved the use of bitter melon for the treatment of diabetes or any other medical condition.
Bitter melon is linked to lowering the body’s blood sugar. This is due to the bitter melon’s ability to bring glucose into the cells for use as fuel, much like insulin.
Your cells’ ability to take in glucose and transport it to your liver, muscles, and fat may be improved by eating bitter melon. The melon may also aid in nutrient retention by preventing glucose from being produced from them.
However, despite the fact that bitter melon has been shown to be effective in lowering blood sugar, it is not yet recognised as a treatment or medication for prediabetes or diabetes.
Bitter melon and diabetes have been the subject of multiple studies. Many health experts advise more study of the melon’s effects on diabetes before recommending its use.
We present two studies that investigate the link between bitter melon and diabetes:
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Trusted Source found that more research is needed to determine the effects of bitter melon on type 2 diabetes. The article also noted the importance of further study into its potential applications in nutritional therapy.
One study compared bitter melon to an existing diabetes medication and published its findings in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology.
Researchers found that bitter melon was effective in lowering fructosamine levels in people with type 2 diabetes. Although it did help, it did so less efficiently than a lower dose of the medication already on the market.
There is currently no safe or effective method of using bitter melon to treat diabetes. It is possible to include bitter melon in a balanced and nutritious diet. You should probably avoid eating too much bitter melon.
Medicinal uses of bitter melon
Bitter melon is rich in vitamins A and C and iron because it is both a fruit and a vegetable. Many different cultures have come to acknowledge its potential therapeutic benefits.
Forms and doses of bitter melon
Currently, there are no established guidelines for the appropriate medicinal use of bitter melon.
Bitter melon can be purchased as a dietary supplement, a tea, or even the vegetable itself. Keep in mind that the FDA doesn’t monitor supplements, so there aren’t any strict requirements that supplements must meet before being sold.
Never try to supplement with bitter melon without first talking to your doctor.
Possible dangers and difficulties
You should exercise caution when consuming bitter melon on a regular basis. The bitter melon can have negative interactions with other drugs and cause side effects itself.
There are a few potential downsides to eating bitter melon, and they are as follows:
Irritable bowel syndrome, vomiting, and diarrhoea
abortion, contractions, and bleeding in the uterus;
As with most foods, moderation is key when it comes to consuming bitter melon, but adding it to your diet on occasion may be beneficial.
More study is needed to determine whether or not specific varieties of bitter melon can be used to treat specific diseases.
Consumers should exercise caution when using bitter melon products. Before using this, please check with your
The bitter melon, also called the bitter gourd or the karela (in India), is an unusual vegetable-fruit that has both culinary and medicinal applications.
Momordica charantia, a vine belonging to the Cucurbitaceae family, produces this fruit, which is widely regarded as the most bitter of all vegetables and fruits.
Among the places that are suitable for the plant’s growth are:
The South American continent, some regions of Africa and Asia, and the Caribbean
The bitter melon is a green, oblong-shaped fruit that grows off the vine and has a distinct warty exterior. Its size, texture, and bitterness all vary depending on the region in which it was grown.
What effect does this have on diabetes?
Bitter melon has long been used as a herbal remedy for various conditions, including type 2 diabetes, in addition to its culinary uses.
At least three active substances with anti-diabetic properties can be found in the fruit; these include charanti, which has been shown to reduce blood glucose levels, vicine, and polypeptide-p, an insulin-like compound.
All of these substances, taken separately or in combination, can help lower blood sugar.
Similar to insulin’s effects in the brain, bitter melon contains a lectin that lowers blood glucose levels by acting on peripheral tissues and reducing appetite.
It is widely believed that this lectin is responsible for the hypoglycemic effect brought on by consuming bitter melon.
Data from the scientific community
Clinical trials testing bitter melon’s ability to control blood sugar levels have been done multiple times.
Although the hypoglycemic effect of bitter melon at 2,000 mg/day was less than that of metformin at 1,000 mg/day, the results of a four-week clinical trial published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology in January 2011 showed that it significantly reduced blood glucose levels among patients with type 2 diabetes.
A report published in the March 2008 issue of Chemistry and Biology found that bitter melon increased cellular uptake of glucose and improved glucose tolerance, supporting the findings of earlier studies linking bitter melon consumption to better glycemic control.
While a clinical review published in the British Journal of Nutrition indicated that more, better-designed clinical trials are necessary to confirm the fruit’s role in diabetes treatment, research published in the Journal of Clinical Epidemiology in 2007 failed to show any benefits of bitter melon for poorly controlled type 2 diabetes.